Different Types of Knitting – A Simple Guide

There are many different types of knitting, which allow you to create a wide variety of fabrics and designs. Some of the common types of knitting include flat knitting, circular knitting, and felting. Each of these will create a unique look, making the art of knitting very versatile and useful in many ways. Most of these techniques are done similarly, but the end result is very different. By knowing all of these types of knitting, you can create many different products, such as slippers, hats, sweaters, scarves, blankets, bowls, and more.

Flat Knitting for Beginners

The term “flat knitting” means to knit with flat needles creating a flat piece of work. By using this type of knitting, you can create projects such as:

• Blankets
• Pot-holders
• Scarves
• Rugs
• Throw-pillows
• Headbands

This type of knitting is done by using two straight knitting needles and a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches to create a piece of work that lays flat once it is completed. It is the most popular way to learn to knit, because you don’t have to worry about any fancy techniques and you can just learn the basic stitches.

Knitting in the Round to Create Circular Knitting

Circular knitting, or knitting in the round, is used to create a seamless tube. You can create this type of knitting in two ways.

The first way is to use a set of double pointed needles, which usually consists of four or five needles, and make a circle by having stitches on each needle. Many knitters find this complicated in the beginning, but if you are interested in making many circular knitting projects it is an important skill to learn.

Another way to create a piece of circular knitting is by using circular needles. This is a set of knitting needles attached by a plastic tube, so that you can create a circle. The downfall to these needles is that you not only need different sized needles for each project, you also need different lengths, which means that you could need several sets of circular needles for one project. This is where the double pointed needles come in handy, because you don’t need different sizes for smaller circles.

With circular knitting, you can create many popular items, including:

• Beanies and hats
• Infinity scarves or cowls
• Mittens or arm-warmers
• Slippers or booties
• Sweaters or pants

Felt Your Knitting

Felting is becoming more and more popular among knitters. This is the process of knitting an item out of wool and then washing it in warm water until it shrinks down and creates a fabric that looks completely different than the original knit piece.

If you’ve never tried felting, it is a good idea to begin with either a pattern or something extremely simple, like a knit square. This is because there is not an exact science to felting, and you wouldn’t want to ruin a project you spent a lot of time creating.

To felt your pieces, follow these simple steps:

• Set your washing machine’s water level to the lowest level.
• Set your washing machine’s temperature to the highest setting available.
• Put your knit pieces into a zip-top pillowcase to avoid excess fuzz getting stuck in your machine.
• Put your pillowcase full of knitting into your machine once the agitation starts.
• Set a timer for 5 minute intervals to check on your knitting. The time will vary for each piece, but you can tell by the size and feel of your knitting when it is done.
• Rinse your pieces in cool water once they are done felting.
• Let your pieces dry on a towel.
• Block your piece.

All of these types of knitting create different pieces. Take the time to try out all of the different techniques to decide which one you like the best. You may find that you like to mix it up and use different styles for different projects. Some knitters love flat knitting while others are addicted to felting. Once you’ve tried them all, you’ll be able to decide for yourself what types of knitting work best for you.


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